|Home||Search||Emissions||Pollutants||About the Database|
|LDEQ Accident Number
|Point Source(s)||Notes||Amount of Release|
|wet gas compressor||Cause: The Wet Gas Compressor malfunctioned when operators were warming Coke Drum D. Shortly after switching to Coke Drum D, pressure on the unit spiked and the Fractionator overhead became overloaded. The temperature increased 20 degrees and caused the Interstage drum to become overwhelmed with condensing liquid. The compressor tripped on high interstage level resulting in flaring.|
Notes: As a result of this incident, the maximum hourly combined permitted emissions for H2S and SO2 were exceeded as well as the reportable quantity. Emissions were minimized by restarting the wet gas compressor. The facility will now hold an operations stand down with each shift to review the incident and stress the importance of following all standard operating procedures. The facility is also adding a line to the console check sheet to verify that the tap water is blocked in before warming up drums prior to switching drums.
|wet gas compressor||Cause: The wet gas compressor in the delayed coking unit had malfunctioned resulting in excess SO2 emissions at flares 1 and 2.|
Notes: Gas from coker was combusted in Flare 1 and Flare 2 and the resulting combustion byproducts rapidly dispersed. Emissions were minimized by restarting the wet gas compressor. This incident is still under investigation. No procedures or preventative measures have been identified at this time. A "30 day follow up report" was submitted on February 28, 2013 citing that the root cause failure analysis report had been submitted for the incident. The document only lists 3 actions Valero plans on taking: "1. We will communicate this incident to all affected personnel. 2. Operations will implement a guidance document to reduce set points by 15 degrees Fahrenheit on loss of LCO charge heater. 3. Improve cracking beds operation stability by limiting the temperature delta. Add a high priority alarm to the DCS." The February 28th letter does not provide the root cause of the accident.
|Wet gas compressor||Cause: The Wet Gas Compressor in the delayed coking unit at Valero St. Charles Refinery malfunctioned resulting in excess SO2 emissions at flares 1 and 2.|
Notes: Refinery fuel gas was combusted in Flare 1 and Flare 2 and the resulting combustion byproducts rapidly dispersed. Emissions were minimized by restarting the wet gas compressor. This incident is still under investigation. No procedures or preventative measures have been identified at this time.
|Flare 1||Cause: On November 11, 2013, the Valero St. Charles Refinery experienced flared while making repairs on the Coker Jet Pump, which supplies water to the coke drums during the coke cutting process. Portable pumps were installed during the repairs but kept tripping due to vibration issues. Therefore, we cut feed to the coker and the heaters were put on circulation. The decreased fee into the Coker Unit from the Vacuum Unit caused the Wet Gas Compressor (WGC) to trip, which caused flaring. When the WGC tripped, pressure started to build up on the Vacuum Jet Receiver. To prevent the Vacuum Jet Receiver pump from tripping and causing a loss of vacuum in the vacuum distillation column, the backpressure on the jet receiver was relieved to the flare until the WGC stabilized.
The pressure control valve on the vacuum jet receiver was open to the flare for approximately one hour, but intermittent flaring ensued until the rates in the coker unit could be increased to provide the WGC with enough gas to operate normally.|
Notes: First written report states that emissions were minimized by reducing rates and installing a spare vacuum jet overhead pump. The incident occurred due to the inability to maintain operation of the COker WGC which pulls gases from the Coker and Vacuum Units. While the WGC was down, the Vacuum Jet Receiver was vented to the flare in order to maintain unit operation and avoid a larger flaring event associate with the unit trip. Additionally, the Flare Gas Recovery Unit remained in operation to reduce the amoin of flared gas. The event was secured by completing repairs on the coker and stabilizing the WGC. The following corrective measures were taken to prevent recurrence: 1) Review this incident with affected personnel. 2) Evaluate the piping system for use with temporary jet pumps and redesign as needed to minimize vibration issues. 3) Develop a reliability improvement plan that is based on the findings of the investigation into the jet pump failure. 4) Implement a reliability improvement plan on both in-service and spare coke cutting pumps. 5) Review the WGC operation for continued use at low rates or when the Coker is on circulation. We exceeded the reportable quantity of SO2 as a result of the incident.
|Flares 1, 2, and 4||Cause: On April 14, 2013, at approximately 07:Sl, the Coker WGC malfunctioned, resulting in a unit shutdown and a release to the flare of approximately 47,S36 pounds of sulfur dioxide and 144 pounds of hydrogen sulfide. The WGC tripped offline and could not be restarted due to a malfunction of the compression thrust bearing. Monitoring of the compression thrust data did not indicate prior degradation of the bearing. The bearing is believed to have failed from steam
condensation due to a boiler malfunction approximately 2S minutes before the WGC tripped. The boiler malfunction caused the steam temperature to drop to the saturation point. Additionally, there was missing and damaged insulation found along the steam header upstream of the WGC. The missing insulation along with the heavy rain that was in the area during the time of the incident could have contributed to the drop in steam temperature to the saturation point. Emissions were minimized by reducing the crude rate by approximately SO percent and by
shutting down the delayed coker unit.|
Notes: Emissions were minimized by reducing the crude rate by approximately 50% and by shutting down the delayed coker unit. Follow up report details procedures or measures which have or will be adopted to prevent recurrence: 1. Communicate this incident to all affected personnel 2. Replace missing or damaged insulation on the steam header 3. Evaluate Mud Legs for performance and adequacy 4. Evaluate the need for an inline separator on the 650-lb steam to the WGC 5. Perform an infrared (IR) camera scan of the 650-lb steam header
|Flares 1, 2, 3, and 4||Cause: On February 19, 2013, at approximately 04:10, the Diesel Hydrotreating (DHT) Recycle Gas Compressor (K-15-53) malfunctioned resulting in a unit shutdown and a release to the flare of 828 pounds of sulfur dioxide. The GE Multilin relay indicated a short due to apparent moisture intrusion that caused arcing which damaged the insulators and cables. Heavy rain was in the area at the time of the incident.|
Notes: Safely shutdown the DHT. No pollutants were recouped. Emissions were minimized by restarting the recycle gas compressor. The cables were repaired and the insulators were replaced. A cover for the capacitor cabinet was fabricated to cover the holes due to rust which allowed water inside to prevent any further damage from inclement weather. To prevent recurrence, the following procedures have or will be adopted: 1) Communicate this incident to all affected personnel. 2) Replace the existing cabinet on the next turn-around. 3) Modify the existing roof/cover to provide better protection from inclement weather. (A temporary repair was already completed.) 4) Survey similar cabinets for damage and make required repairs and/or replacements. 5) Establish preventative maintenance program for similar cabinets plant-wide. 6) Determine the necessity of the capacitors for K-15-53 and either replace or remove them. 7) Improve effectiveness of and/or training on the maintenance work process to ensure that repair findings/discovery scope during the course of work that is not addressed at the time is captured in a work order. 8) Draft an emergency operating procedure to address the loss of the recycle compressor. SO2 reportable quantities were exceeded. A report was issued on 4/19/2013 stating that Valero was "unable to complete the investigation within 60-days of the above referenced incident".
|Flares 1 and 2||Cause: On January 29, 2014, the Valero St. Charles Refinery (Valero) experienced flaring when the pressure on the Naphtha Surge Drum and the Wet Gas Compressor (WGC) Interstage Drum increased. The pressure controller on the Naphtha Surge Drum malfunctioned due to cold temperatures, which caused the level to rise in the drum. As a result, the level in the Compressor Interstage Drum, which is downstream of the Naphtha Surge Drum, increased and caused the WGC to trip. The pressure controller on the Naphtha Surge Drum was bypassed to the flare header in order to control high levels on additional upstream and downstream vessels with the unit. Flaring stopped after the level in the Compressor Interstage Drum was decreased and the WGC was restarted.
Temperatures were below 30degF on the morning of the incident. It was found that the steam tracing on the pressure controller on the naphtha surge drum was not in contact with the valve and insulation blankets were not in place. The lack of steam tracing and insulation exposed the valve to cold temperatures, which caused it to malfunction.|
Notes: The event was secured by reducing the level in the compressor interstage drum and restarting the WGC. Additionally, the Flare Gas Recovery Unit remained in operation to reduce the amount of flared gas. The following corrective measures have been identified to prevent recurrence: 1. Review this incident with affected personnel. 2. Review and revise as need the freeze protection guidelines. 3-7. Create a pre-winter checklist to identify and correct tracing and insulation issues for Complexes I-V. 8. Repair the steam tracing and insulation for PCV-53-471, LV-53-472, LV-53-020, and LV-53-038. The Reportable Quantity for SO2 was exceeded.